``Comparing DNS Resolvers in the Wild"
Bernhard Ager, Wolfgang Mühlbauer, Georgios Smaragdakis, and Steve Uhlig.
IMC 2010

The Domain Name System (DNS) is a fundamental building block of the Internet. Today, the performance of more and more applications depend not only on the responsiveness of DNS, but also the exact answer returned by the queried DNS resolver, e.g., for Content Distribution Networks (CDN).

In this paper, we compare local DNS resolvers against GoogleDNS and OpenDNS for a large set of vantage points. Our end-host measurements inside 50 commercial ISPs reveal that two aspects have a significant impact on responsiveness: (1) the latency to the DNS resolver, (2) the content of the DNS cache when the query is issued. We also observe significant diversity, even at the AS-level, among the answers provided by the studied DNS resolvers. We attribute this diversity to the location-awareness of CDNs as well as to the location of DNS resolvers that breaks the assumption made by CDNs about the vicinity of the end-user and its DNS resolver. Our findings pinpoint limitations within the DNS deployment of some ISPs, as well as the way third-party DNS resolvers bias DNS replies.

ACM DL Author-ize serviceComparing DNS resolvers in the wild
IMC '10 Proceedings of the 10th annual conference on Internet measurement, 2010

Paper           : [ps.gz], [ps], [pdf]
Presentation : [pdf]
bibtex          : [bibtex.html]

Project page: [html]

In the news:
* ACM TechNews, December 10, 2010
* PC Magazine, December 6, 2010